Treatment of laryngitis and hoarseness

Treatment of laryngitis and hoarseness

Speech therapy is important in retraining the correct use of laryngeal muscles and swallowing.  Medical could be cause-specific and include acid suppressants, antibiotics, and TB medication.  In a lot of patients where there is a dysfunctional element, reassurance is...
How is adult epistaxis treated?

How is adult epistaxis treated?

A big bleed in an adult is a medical emergency with the prime objective to stop the bleeding. This is usually done in the hospital casualty with the insertion of a tamponade balloon (Rapid Rhino). The amount of blood loss is determined, and blood given if necessary....
How do I treat surfers’ ear?

How do I treat surfers’ ear?

In the acute infected condition, the ear needs ideally to be cleaned under the microscope (by an Ear Specialist) and topical agent applied. These are usually antibiotic, and cortisone based and in severe cases, an oral· antibiotic e.g. Ciprofloxacin is given. Chronic...
When is wax a problem? Why no earbud?

When is wax a problem? Why no earbud?

Some people do produce excessive wax, wet wax or wax that does not extrude easily. This can result in deafness, the ringing of ears (tinnitus), pain, itchiness and dizziness. In the hearing aid population, wax can be a problem, clogging the ear mould and even...